4th Generation Wireless Technology – Application Model of Future Mobile Communications Systems

4G (Fourth Generation) Mobile Communication is still in evolution but countries have already started committing themselves to its implementation. India has said that it would leapfrog from 2G to 4G bypassing the 3G Technology. WiMax Technology is on its last legs because it does not support VoIP. Data transfers will happen at LAN Speeds of 100Mbps. The World is looking up to 4G for transformation of the way people do day-to-day business. Once the technology evolves, the hand phone used in 4G mobile communications would be an all in one device for use in education, arts and science, business activities outside the office, network games and music/video content downloading, Visual Communication, merchandise purchase and settlement, and daily life.

A few applications…

Medical Applications Overview of Evaluation by Potential Service Providers- The certainty and stability of connection were raised as the primary requirements on the communications infrastructure to realize medical services that take advantage of mobile communications. While it may be feasible to provide full-fledged remote medical treatment easily through high-quality images enabled by faster transmission speeds, stable uninterrupted communication was regarded indispensable and more important in the medical field.

Also, it is widely known that the provision of medical services are subject to many legal and regulatory restrictions. Consequently, services that can be offered by private entities are currently very limited. It has been pointed out on various occasions that this has hindered the flexible offering of new services in the medical field. This issue remains unsolved today, and no significant change can be expected soon, either. According to the opinions of potential service providers, the first steps to be taken would be to develop technologies and services and educate the medical industry so that consumers could generally share the recognition that high-quality medical service can be provided safely and securely through electronic medical records and networks.

Ultimate Content Player Simply by instructing the name of video (which does not necessarily have to be precise; ambiguous input will do) of users’ choice (TV programs broadcast in the past, news, dramas, movies, or concerts, etc.) through voice input, etc., users will be able to watch it on a mobile terminal through streaming from the network anytime and anywhere they like.

The charges for the content- which should be decided taking into account the requests of the rights holder, the number of accesses from users (popularity), video quality, the number of copies, the time of viewing, location, etc.-will be present on the spot, and if the user agrees, the video will be made available for viewing. Also, when the user wants to see a movie using some spare time, for instance, during a business trip, he/she can search information concerning the movies currently on show and see a preview on the player. If he/she decides to watch the whole movie in a cinema, it is possible to search the theater that can be reached from the current location before the start of the movie, and if necessary, make a seat reservation and purchase electronic tickets, too. The videos can be viewed in trains on a spectacles-type display, which can be suspended for a moment when changing train

Navigation System Users will be able to gain access the following information services from inside moving vehicles. The information will be provided adequately depending on time, location and properties of user. Users may also be able to receive discounts at shops by presenting the information retrieved through the above. – Location information service (locating service, route guide, traffic information, etc.) – Vehicle information service (automobile information, vehicle tune-up information, etc). – Entertainment service (radio, TV programs, etc). – Control service (vehicle control if earthquake, accident, etc). – Emergency service (accident, sudden illness, etc). – Logistics service (parcel delivery, etc).

Mobile Ordering Enables easy purchase of products or obtainment of information simply by holding a mobile terminal toward printed materials (magazines, brochures, posters, etc.) or images. Information concerning the product (video, CM, specifications) will be automatically delivered to the mobile terminal from the product center, and displayed in 3D images, which can be viewed from multiple angles. Users, if they like, can order the product on the spot, make the payment and settle the accounts from a mobile terminal. Sales status in the areas nearby, and other related information on the product could also be obtained. The use of retinal authentication makes it possible to purchase expensive products without any security concerns.

From the viewpoint of the potential providers of settlement service, the reliability and cost of authentication hold the key for the settlement of purchases made at shops through mobile terminals, and ordering service linked with brochures and posters in the streets. When compared with credit card payments at shops or shopping from PCs/TV, the purchases to be made from mobile terminals are expected to be lower in amount but more frequent. It is therefore essential for the providers of settlement services that the authentication of the terminal and the users themselves, which have to be conducted every time a purchase is made, can be realized at a low cost equal with the low unit purchase amount.

Related Entities’ Evaluations and Expectations on this Application Evaluation on the presumed application Mobile settlement is already provided in existing mail-order service through product bar codes in the catalogs. This service is realistic as an extension of such existing services, enabling users to order more easily. Evaluation on Landline Internet became wide spread before the establishment of a content billing mechanism. On the other hand, wireless Internet provided a billing mechanism from the beginning, thus users developed the recognition to pay for premium contents. If services leveraging the display feature of mobile terminals that cannot be provided by ordinary credit cards (such as provision and display of coupons) can be realized, it may be possible to enlarge the market size.

Presumed business model Required conditions for the service to be A low-cost authentication method must be realized. Because the amount of unit purchase is projected to be small, the authentication scheme is the better the cheaper.

Food Manager Enables users to gain access the home refrigerator using a mobile terminal from outdoors-to see what is left with visual images or to confirm whether the consumption deadline for some food has expired or not. Users can also obtain recipes of menus that can be cooked with the food available in the refrigerator from the mobile terminal. Lacking food items will be presented on the screen, and if ordered, they will be delivered to the home by the evening.

If the users register in the mobile terminal the food items that they want to keep always in stock, when they pass in front of this item at a supermarket, its purchase may be recommended automatically. Or, just by holding the terminal close to the refrigerator, list of food items out of supply could be sent to food delivery companies to have them delivered to the home on the same day or in a few days.

After a few order placements, it will become possible to estimate the user’s consumption behavior. From the next time, therefore, an inquiry could be sent from the server center, asking, for example, “do you still have plenty of beer?”

Disaster Insurance For example, when somebody is crushed under the debris in a large-scale earthquake, the locating capability of cellular phones can provide precise information about the location of this person-the terminal is always connected to the Internet unless it is broken-and enables rescue activities to be undertaken swiftly. This service enables search of people holding a terminal within a certain area regardless of the carrier. Entities that are responsible for providing safety and reliability to users, such as government bodies and

Mobile Administrative Services Users can instantly access information and receive various administrative services from national/local governments from a mobile terminal from home or offices.

-Application for various documents/certificates
– Tax payment, filing for income tax return
– Issuance of maternity health record book, submission of birth report, application for baby health examination, and other health services
– Voting, etc.

Small Business Owners: Utilizing Technology to Improve Profits

If you really want to become more profitable and improve operations in your company, you have to shift your focus from the following limiting thoughts about technology.

  1. If I buy the latest production software we will be in good shape
  2. We don’t do that here
  3. We are unique, we don’t have competition that use technology to help them generate profits
  4. The plan is in my head, people will steal it off the computer
  5. All I need is more sales to make more profits

You’ve got to get the right mindset by eliminating restricting thoughts, and then you’ll be ready to improve people, processes and profitability.

Do you ever wonder how a company can start out with just one idea, a passion and a vision, then 10 to 20 years later have thousands of employees and millions in sales?

  1. What did these companies do to become so successful
  2. Are the owners smarter than you?
  3. Do they work harder than you?
  4. Did they have better equipment or people than you?

No. But they do use better technology tools to drive operation (the people and the process). Operations represent about 60% or 80% of all your overhead costs but they’re the least understood by US businesses.

For decades, the Japanese have focused on operations that have driven innovation and a culture of continuous improvement. In the right small business owner hands, operations and technology can be a competitive weapon.

Now, ask yourself how can your small company— with just a handful of employees and limited resources — turn operations and technology applications into a powerful weapon to beat competition and learn to grow and thrive!

Why invest in technology / What are the benefits

The bottom line is, if you’re suffering from tight cash flow, exhausted lines of credit and top-line growth, then you have weak operations and have underutilized the technology applications onsite or off-the-shelf that can help you.

First step to rapid profit improvement is to start by questioning your employees. They usually know where costly blocks and bottlenecks are hidden.

Technology can store employee survey results that help you to plan profitability.

Employee Questionnaire(sample)

  1. Are your interests and ambitions being challenged
  2. Does each department in this company have measurable standard designed to increase profitability? Does each area have documentation of process flows and procedures of how it should work?
  3. Does everyone in this company share the goal of improving the company profits? Does the CEO hold town hall meetings about ‘planned profits’?
  4. Are you regularly told when you do good work?
  5. Do you get the help you need to do a good job?
  6. As an employee, do you feel you can trust your direct supervisor/manager?
  7. Are owner/managers open and honest with employees?
  8. Does the company provide you with continual training in areas that will make you a better employee? Has it trained you on how to cut operating expenses or increase revenue to improve profits in your area?
  9. Are your responsibilities generally explained, well planned and organized?
  10. Is poor performance tolerated by management? i.e., worker performance, operations bottlenecks and customer relations.

The following are other ways business productivity software drives business processes more efficiently to gain optimal results:

Create an open and communicative environment.

By storing appraisal information within a formal database, managers can more easily communicate business strategy and create measurable goals for their employees that will support overall company objectives. In allowing employees to see the whole picture and understand better how individual goals fit into the company’s business objectives. This can create a energized and engaged employees, thereby raising the business productivity of the company.

Motivate your employees using technology.

Based upon the information gathered in an online performance evaluation, managers can compare current skills with those required for advancement or other recognition or reward opportunities that present themselves as the manager tracks progress on employee goals throughout the year. You may also find you need to redirect employees to different departments if you feel their business productivity could increase elsewhere. If there are impediments to better performance, the company should review why it is happening and try to eliminate these through better allocation of resources or additional training.

Monitor business productivity and employee progress on goals.

Business productivity software solutions enable managers to more easily track progress during every phase of goal completion and offer immediate reinforcement or coaching to keep performance and deadlines on track in daily operations, and utilize performance measurements for strategic planning.

Electronic Commerce

There are many business applications related to e-commerce, from setting up your online storefront to managing your supply chain to marketing your products and services. These technologies fall into three main categories:

Business to Business(B2B)

  • Purchasing indirect supplies
  • Look for catalogue-based websites offered by suppliers for corporate purchases, similar to business-to-customer websites, for purchasing indirect supplies such as office furniture, pens, paper, and general office equipment.
  • Leveraging your existing Web presence
  • Improve your existing business-to-customer e-commerce website. Greater sophistication can be added into your online store to target your business clientele.

Business to Customer(B2C)

The global reach of the Internet has allowed many businesses to sell their products and services online, both at home and abroad. An electronic storefront is a website with many pre-built e-commerce components like electronic shopping carts and secure payment gateways that you can use to set up an online store.

Internet Marketing

Everything you do to promote your business online is Internet marketing. For example, Internet marketing strategies include (but are not limited to) website design and content, search engine optimization, directory submissions, reciprocal linking strategies, online advertising, and email marketing.

How to Implement Technology to increase profits

IT implementation can be a valuable tool for increasing workplace productivity, but without a careful selection of the right technologies for your specific industry and comprehensive employee training, it can also serve to reduce productivity, profitability and employee satisfaction. The return on investment will depend on whether the technologies implemented are right for a given business’ needs and how prepared employees are to use them.

Step 1

Brainstorm a list of business process improvements you may be able to realize from a technological implementation. Your list should include three categories: improvements that you know to be possible, and which are core requirements for your expense; a wish list of things you would like to have, but which may be future development efforts; and a list of things which would transform the way you do business, but which may not be possible. These three targets provide you with a present-day implementation goal, as well as a future development target–and it may be that your transformational goals could be far easier to reach than you expect.

Step 2

Determine whether you intend to develop these technologies using in-house resources, or through outside consultancies. Nearly every major workflow technology requires extensive customization, implementation procedures and training. Small businesses can sometimes get by cheaply using staff members technologically proficient–but mistakes made at the beginning of the process can ramp up costs later on when you turn to professional outside support.

Step 3

Avoid specifying particular technologies if you do not have the technical expertise to evaluate them properly. The purpose of the managerial process at this stage is to define goals and budgetary constraints; non-technical managers who wed themselves to specific technologies too early can miss out on substantial cost savings, and choose a technology not the best suited for the work.

Step 4

Circulate your request for proposals among outside consultants and implementors, or establish an internal process for doing the same among your staff if you are keeping the work in-house. Major technological implementations will not succeed if they are added to the existing workload of an employee. Proper technological implementations can be more than a full-time job in and of themselves. Staff members shifted to technology implementation should have their existing duties moved to other staff resources.

Step 5

Negotiate a time frame, budget and implementation benchmarks with your external or internal staff resources. If you are working with an outside consultant, your contract should include protections against running over budget and over schedule. Likewise, the consultant will protect his own firm by setting specific terms of the work to be completed, and charging you extra if you change them over the course of the contract.

Step 6

Develop an implementation timetable, including the following steps: test deployment to review the work; training, if necessary; a transition phase from the current workflow to the new technology; and production deployment of the completed technology. This last phase is typically followed by an iterative process, in which improvements to the technology are collected from the staff who have direct experience working with it. When budget and time allow for it, apply a new cycle of upgrades to your technology to ensure that you are getting the most out of it.

Personal Spy Technology Applications – Various Spy Equipments and Surveillance Products!

Night vision is one of the most underused and misunderstood products on the market. Its applications are far reaching and can be used for many private home security solutions.

There are two different types of night vision available from spy equipment vendors, and four different types overall. They are 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Generation. Only the 1st and 2nd generation are available to the general public. The main difference between 1st and 2nd generation is that 1st generation is a lower quality of picture, while the 3nd generation though anywhere between 500$-1000$ more expensive, has a much improved picture and sharper image that makes it worth the investment.

Computer Software is another area that spy equipment vendors provide items in. Everything ranging from key logging software to parental controls, to things like remote PC viewing. This viewing software allows the user to remotely view everything going on in the target PC. Things like websites visited, time spent on the computer and various other activities while on the PC. When purchasing these items you need to keep the legal ramifications on your mind. Consult with the vendor for advice or with your local law enforcement to know your local laws before you engage in the use of this software.

DVR Stand alone kit with 4 cameras is another good item to protect your household or business. You can place the 4 cameras in very well hidden areas that provide cover for the camera but a clear view for the camera to record the area and ensure the safety. You can receive remote notifications by email to alert you if an alarm has been triggered. They come with 4 different sensitivity settings that can allow for a tailored fit to your personal or business needs.

Again with all of these products and the ones not mentioned, you have to beware of how you plan on using them and ensure not only that they are used properly and maintained properly, but you need to ensure they are used legally. Also consider that although some people may understand their usage and applications, others may be offended and you may cause issues should they ever discover their usage. If you are unsure of the legality of the usage, look up online the local laws for your area, or even send some requests out to your local police station or city hall. It’s always better to be safe then sorry!